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What is the Protective Factors Survey (PFS)?
The PFS is a pre-post evaluation tool for use with caregivers receiving child maltreatment prevention services. It is a self-administered survey that measures protective factors in five areas: family functioning/resiliency, social support, concrete support, nurturing and attachment, and knowledge of parenting/child development. A one-page overview of the tool can be viewed here.
How was the PFS developed?
The PFS is a product of the FRIENDS National Resource Center in collaboration with the University of Kansas Institute for Educational Research and Public Service. It was developed with the advice and assistance from CBCAP grantees, parents, researchers, administrators, workers, and experts specializing in family support and maltreatment and psychological measurement. The survey has undergone four national field tests for establishing reliability and validity. To view a report on the early field tests and examine reliability and validity data, click here. The most recent, phase IV field test, can be viewed by clicking here.
How is the PFS used?
The primary purpose of the Protective Factors Survey is to provide feedback to agencies for continuous improvement and evaluation purposes. The survey results are designed to help agencies measure changes in protective factors and identify areas where workers can focus on increasing individual family protective factors. A full set of instructions on how to administer the PFS can be found by clicking here or you can reference our FAQ here. A powerpoint presentation on the tool and its use can be found by clicking here.
Does a database accompany the PFS?
Yes, a database was developed for managing PFS data and generating reports. Before downloading the database, please first open and read the “read me file” for instructions.
Is there a retrospective pre-test version of the PFS?
No. More testing is needed to validate the retrospective version of the tool. Although the existing database has fields for entering retrospective data, the actual survey will not be released until it is found to be valid and reliable.
Protective Factors Survey Resources